A. Those whom God: Rom. 8:28, 29.
B. has predestined to life: Ro. 8:29, 30; 9: 22-24; 1 Cor 1: 26-28; 2 Thes. 2:13, 14; 2 Tim. 1: 9.
C. It has a well in its appointed time and acceptable: Jun. 3: 8; Eph. 1:11.
D. Call effectively: Mt. 22:14; 1 Cor 1:23, 24; Ro. 1: 6; 8:28; Jud. 1; Psalm 29; 5:25 June.; Rom. 4:17.
E. By His Word : 2 Thes. 2:14; 1 Peter 1: 23-25; Stg. 1: 17-25; June 1 5: 1-5;. Ro. 1:16, 17; 10:14; I have4:12.
F: And Ghost: Jun. 3: 3, 5, 6, 8; 2 Corinthians 3: 3, 6.
G. taking them out of the state of sin and death that are by nature and taking them to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ: Rom. 8: 2; 1 Corinthians 1: 9; Eph. 2: 1-6; 2 Tim. 1: 9, 10.
H. Illuminating of spiritual and saving way their minds, to understand the things of God: Acts. 26:18; 1 Cor 2:10, 12; Eph. 1:17, 18.
I. By taking away the heart of stone and giving them a heart of flesh: Ez. 36:26.
J. Renewing their wills and, by his omnipotent power, leading them to want to do good, and effectively bringing them to Jesus Christ: Dt. 30: 6; Ez. 36:27; June 6. 44.45; Eph. 1:19; Phil. 2:13.
K. But so come to him freely, having received by the grace of God's willingness to do: Ps 110: 3; 6:37 June.; Ro. 6: 16-18.
WHAT IS THE MESSAGE OF THE GOSPEL? HOW becomes effective?
When Paul talks about how God brings salvation to our lives, he says: "Those whom he predestined he also called; to which he called he also justified; and whom He justified, He also glorified "(Rom 8: 30). Here Paul tells us a definite order in which we are the blessings of salvation.
Although long ago, before the creation of the world, God will "predestined" to be his children and to be transformed according to the image of His Son, Paul points out the fact that at the time of the realization of its purpose in our lives God would "call" (here in this context, is God the Father who is clearly in sight).
Then Paul immediately mentions justification and glorification, showing that these come after the call.Paul tells us that there is a definite order in El Salvador purpose of God (although it is not mentioned here every aspect of our salvation). So we begin our study of the different parts of our salvation experience with the subject of appeal.
When Paul says, "Those whom he predestined he also called; to which he called he also justified "(Rom 8:30), is indicating that this appeal is an act of God. It is specifically an act of God the Father, because he is the one who predestines people to "be conformed to the image of His Son" (Rom 8: 29).
Other verses describe more fully what this call. When God calls people in this powerful form, he calls them "out of darkness into marvelous light" (1 Peter 2: 9); calls to "fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ" (1 Cor 1: 9; Acts 2: 39) and "his kingdom and glory" (1 Thessalonians 2: 12; 1st P 5:10; 2nd P 1: 3) .
The people God has called are "the called of Jesus Christ" (Rom 1: 6, KJV 1960). They have been "called to be saints" (Rom 1: 7; 1st Corinthians 1: 2) and have entered into a kingdom of peace (1st Cor 7: 15; Col 3: 15), freedom (Gal 5:13), hope (Eph 1:18; 4: 4.), holiness (1st Thessalonians 4: 7), patient suffering (1st Peter 2: 20-21; 3: 9), and eternal life (1st T. 6: 12).
These verses indicate that this is not a simple human appeal powerless. This call is rather a kind of "call" from the King of the universe and has so much power that you can get the answer you are asking in the hearts of people. It is an act of God that guarantees an answer, because Paul in Romans 8:30 specifies that those who were "called" were also "justified".
This appeal has the ability to get us out of the kingdom of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of God so that we can be united in full communion with him: "God is faithful, who has called you into fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ our Lord" (1 Ca 1: 9).
We often refer to this powerful act of God as effectual calling, to distinguish it from the general invitation of the gospel is for all people and that some people reject. This is not to say that human proclamation of the gospel does not participate. In fact, the effectual call of God comes through human preaching of the gospel, because Paul says, "For this reason God called you by our gospel, so that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ" (2 Thes 2 : 14).
Of course, there are many who hear the general call of the gospel message and do not respond. But in many cases the call of the gospel is so effectively through the work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of people that these respond, and we can say they have received an "effectual calling":
We can define the effectual call as follows: Effectual calling is an act of God the Father, through the human proclamation of the gospel, which invites people to come to him so that they respond in saving faith .
It is important not to give the impression that people will be saved by the power of this call other than a voluntary response from them the gospel (see Chapter 35 on personal faith and repentance are necessary for conversion). While it is true that the effectual call wakes up and generates a response in us, we must always insist that this answer has to be a spontaneous, voluntary response in which the individual person puts his trust in Christ.
That is why prayer is so important for effective evangelization. Unless God works in the hearts of people to make effective the proclamation of the gospel, there will be a genuine saving response. Jesus said, "No one can come to me unless the Father draws him who sent me, and I will raise him up at the last day" (Jn 6: 44).
An example of effective gospel call we see in Paul's first visit to Philippi. While Lydia heard the gospel message "the Lord opened her heart to respond to Paul's message" (Acts 16: 14).
Unlike the effectual call, which is entirely an act of God, we can talk in general the call of the gospel which comes through human communication. This call of the gospel is offered to all people, even those who do not accept it. Sometimes we refer to this call of the gospel and the external call or the general call.On the contrary, the effectual call of God is the one that actually generates a spontaneous response in the person who hears it is sometimes called internal call.
The call of the gospel is general and external and often rejected, while the appeal is particularly effective internal and is always effective. However, this does not diminish the importance of the call of the gospel, because it is the means that God has established through which the effectual call will come. Without the call of the gospel, no one could respond and be saved.
"How can they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? "(Rom 10:14). It is therefore important that we understand exactly what is the call of the gospel.
In human preaching of the gospel three important elements must appear:
Everyone who comes to Christ for salvation must have at least a basic understanding of who Christ is and how Salvation meets our needs. Therefore, an explanation of the facts concerning salvation must include at least the following:
1. All human beings are sinners (Romans 3: 23).
2. The wages of sin is death (Romans 6: 23).
3. Jesus died to pay the penalty for our sins (Romans 5: 8)
But understanding these facts and even agree that they are true is not enough for the person to be saved.There must be an invitation for a response from the individual in order to repent of their sins and trust in Christ personally.
When the New Testament speaks of people who attain salvation does in terms of a personal response to an invitation from Christ himself.
This invitation is beautifully expressed, for example, in the words of Jesus:
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.For my yoke is easy and my burden is light (Mt 11: 28-30).
It is important to make it clear that these are not just words spoken long ago by a religious leader of the past. It should encourage each listener who is not a Christian who hears these words to take those words as the words of Jesus Christ that he is speaking at that moment, and it is doing individually. Jesus Christ is a Savior who is now alive in heaven, and every person who is not Christian should think that Jesus is speaking, and saying, "Come to me, all of you and I will give you rest" (Mt 11: 28).
This is a genuine personal invitation seeks a personal response of each listener.
John also talks about the need for a personal response when he says: "He came to what was his own, but his own received him not. But as many as received Him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God "
(John 1: 11-12). He emphasized the need to "receive" Christ, John also points to the need for an individual response. Those who are inside a lukewarm church that do not realize their spiritual blindness the Lord Jesus again extended his invitation that requires a personal response: "Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with him, and he with me "(Rev 3: 20).
Finally, only five verses throughout the Bible where it ends, there is another invitation from the Holy Spirit and the church to come to Christ: "The Spirit and the bride say," Come! "; and who hears say, "Come!"Whoever is thirsty, let him come; And whosoever will, let him take the water of life "(Rev 22: 17).
But what is involved in the response to come to Christ? Although this will be explained more fully in chapter 35, it is sufficient for us to note here that if we come to Christ and trust Him to save us from our sins, we can not continue to cling to sin, but we must be willing to renounce sin in sincere repentance.
In some instances in Scripture mentioned together repentance and faith when they are referring to the initial conversion of an individual. (Paul said he spent his time "A Greek Jews and urging them have become God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ" Acts 20: 21). But sometimes just talking about repentance of sins and is assumed saving faith as accompanist factor (in his name repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached to all nations [Lk 24: 47; Acts 2: 37 -38; 3: 19; 5: 31; 17: 30; Ro 2: 4; 2nd Co 7:10]).
Therefore any genuine proclamation of the gospel must include an invitation to make the conscious decision to forgo personal sins and turn to Christ in faith for forgiveness for sins. If any of them neglected the need to repent of sins or the need to trust in Christ as to forgiveness, there is a true and complete proclamation of the gospel.
But what they are promised to those who come to Christ? This is the third element of the call of the gospel.
NOTE: For a more complete study of the need to have both a genuine repentance and genuine faith. And a study of the question of whether anyone can be saved if "accept Jesus as Savior. But not as Lord?
Though the words personal invitation that Christ spoke contain a promise of rest and power to become children of God, and participation in the water of life, it is good to make it clear what Jesus promises to those who come to him in repentance and faith.
The first thing we found promised in the gospel message is the promise of forgiveness of sins and eternal life with God: "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life "Gn 3: 16). And in preaching the gospel Peter ago, he says: "Therefore, to be erased their sins, repent and turn to God" (Acts 3: 19; 2: 38).
Along with the promise of forgiveness and eternal life is the assurance that Christ will accept all who come to him in repentance and sincere faith seeking salvation: "He who comes to me will never drive away" Gen. 6: 37).
The doctrine of call of the gospel is important because if there was no call of the gospel that no one could be saved: "How shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard?" (Rom 10: 14).
The call of the gospel is also important because through him God speaks to us in the fullness of our humanity. He does not save us "automatically" without seeking a response of our whole being. Rather, it directs the call of the gospel to our intellect, our emotions and our will.
Speak to our intellect explaining the facts of salvation in His Word.
Speaks to our emotions approaching a heartfelt personal invitation to respond. Speak to our will asking us to hear his invitation and voluntarily and spontaneously respond in repentance and faith, we decide us to turn from our sin and receive Christ as Savior and rest our hearts on it for salvation.
A. This effectual call comes exclusively from free and special grace of God, not of anything foreseen in man, nor by power or instrumentality in the creature: 2 Tim. 1: 9; Tit. 3. 4. 5; Eph. 2: 4, 5, 8, 9; Ro. 9:11.
B. Being altogether passive therein , being dead in trespasses and sins, until it is quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit; 1 Cor 2:14; Ro. 8: 7; Eph. 2: 5.
C. is thus able to respond to this call and to receive the grace and transmits it offers, and this by no less power than that raised Christ from the dead Eph. 1: 19,20; 6:37 June.; Ez. 36:27; Jun. 5:25.
A. The children chosen * who die in infancy are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit, who works when, where and how you want: Jun. 3: 8 . Are chosen so also all persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.
When I was a child my mother used to call me from the window to come to dinner. Usually was the first time he called me, but not always. If I delayed, I called again a second time, usually in a tone of voice higher.
His first call was not always effective; not achieved the desired effect. His second call used to be effective; He ran back inside the house.
There is a call of God that is effective. When God ordered the creation of the world, the universe did not hesitate before complying with the order. The desired by God in creation effect true. In the same way, when God called Lazarus from his tomb, Lazarus said coming to life.
There is also an effective call of God in the believer's life. It is a call that produces the desired effect.Reformation theologians teach that the effectual call is related to the power of God to regenerate the sinner from spiritual death.
Also often it is known as the "irresistible grace". The effectual call refers to a call of God that by his power and sovereign authority has the effect or the result sought or ordered. When Paul teaches us that those who predestined, called, and those whom he called, he justified, he is referring to the effectual call of God.
The effectual call of God is an inner call. It is the secret work of revival or regeneration accomplished in the souls of the elect by the immediate supernatural work of the Holy Spirit.
Or work performed inside change in the disposition, inclination, and the desire of the soul. No one feels inclined to come to God before receiving the call of God and interior effective and all who are effectually called have a predisposition towards God and respond in faith. We see, then, that faith itself is a gift from God, having been delivered in the effectual call of the Holy Spirit.
Preaching the gospel represents the outward call of God. This call is audible for both the elect and those who have not been chosen. Humans have the ability to resist and reject this call external. They will not respond in faith to outward call until the outward call comes accompanied by effective internal called the Holy Spirit. The effectual call is irresistible in the sense that God in His sovereignty will produce the desired effect. This sovereign work of grace is resistible in the sense that we can resist it because of our fallen nature, and in fact resist; but it is irresistible in the sense that God's grace prevails over our natural resistance.
The effectual call refers to the creative power of God by which we are brought to spiritual life. The apostle Paul writes, and he made alive, when you were dead in your trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, among whom also we all live in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as others (Ephesians 2: 1-3).
We who once were children of wrath, and were dead spiritually we have become "called" by virtue of the power and effectiveness of the inner call of God. In his grace, the Holy Spirit has given us eyes to see what we did not want to see and ears to hear what we did not want to hear.
1. The so - called human can be effective or ineffective.
2. God has the power to effectively call for the worlds exist, the dead rise again, and people pass from spiritual death to spiritual life.
3. People can hear the outward call of God in the gospel and reject it . But the inner call of God is always effective. Always produce the desired result.
BIBLICAL PASSAGES FOR REFLECTION
Ezekiel 36: 26-27, Romans 8:30, Ephesians 1: 7-12, 2 Thessalonians 2: 13-14, 2 Timothy 1: 8-
A. Others, who are not chosen, although they are called by the ministry of the Word and have some common operations of the Spirit: Mt. 22:14; Matthew 13:20, 21; I have 6: 4, 5; Mt. 7:22.
B. Because they are not effectively brought by the Father, do not want nor can truly come to Christ and, therefore, can not be saved: Jun. 6:44, 45, 64-66; 8:24.
C. Much less can be saved who do not receive the Christian religion, no matter how diligent they are in shaping their lives in the light of the nature and the law of the religion they profess: Acts. 4:12; 4:22 June.; 17: 3.
The call can be defined generally as the act of grace of God which invites sinners to accept the salvation offered in Christ Jesus. Both can be internal or external.
The Bible speaks or refers to this in several passages. Matthew 28:19 and 24:14. Luke 14: 16-24 Acts 13:46. 2 Thessalonians 1: 8. John 5:10. Is the presentation and offer of salvation in Christ to sinners, together with a tender exhortation to accept Christ by faith to obtain forgiveness of sins and eternal life.According to this definition it contains three elements, namely:
1) A presentation of facts and ideas of the Gospel;
2) An invitation to repent and believe in Christ Jesus;
3) A promise of forgiveness and salvation.
The promise is always conditional: Compliance can only be expected through true faith and repentance.
The external appeal is universal in the sense that it comes to all men who preached the Gospel. N or limited to any age or nation or any class of men, and is made to degenerate in the same way that the chosen Isaiah 45:22. 55: 1; Ezekiel 3:19; Joel 2:32; Matthew 22: 03.08.14; Revelation 2:17.
Naturally, this call coming from God, is of great significance. He calls sinners actually tenderly want to accept the invitation, and with all sincerity promises eternal life to those who repent and believe.
Numbers 23:19; Psalms 81: 13-16; Proverbs 1:24; Isaiah 1: 18-20; Ezekiel 18:23 and 33:11; Matthew 23:33; 2. "Timothy 2:13. In the external call God maintains his claim to the sinner. If man does not accept the call, reject the demand of God and thus increases their fault.
This is also the appointed means by which God gathers the elect from all nations of the earth. Rom. 10: 14-17 and should be judged as a blessing for sinners, even though it can become a curse. Isaiah 1: 18:20;Ezekiel 3: 18-19; Amos 8:11; Matthew 11: 20-24 and 23-37. Finally also it serves to justify the condemnation of sinners. If they despise 'offer of salvation guilt becomes clearer, John 5:39 and 40;Romans 3: 05.06.19.
Although we distinguish two aspects of God's call, it is really one. The internal call is nothing, really, but the outward call made effective by the operation of the Holy Spirit. always it comes to the sinner through the Word of God, carefully applied by the operation of the Holy Spirit. 1. ". Corinthians 1: 23-24 In distinction from the external call is a powerful call that results in salvation, Acts 13:48; 1." Corinthians 1: 23-24.
It is also a call without repentance or change by God, and is never removed. Romans 11:29. The person called will be saved safely. The Spirit operates through the preaching of the Word of God coaxing in an effective way, so the person called answers the voice of God. He goes to his good understanding enlightened by the Holy Spirit so that the individual is aware of it. It is always directed to a certain end.
It is the call to communion with Jesus Christ, 1 Cor. 1: 9. A blessing inherited, l "Peter 3: 9; freedom, Galatians 5:13; peace, 1 Cor. 7: 1 -; to holiness, 1st Thessalonians 4: 7; a hope, Ephesians 4: 4; to eternal life, 1 Timothy 6:12 and the kingdom and glory of God, 1st Thessalonians 2:12.
The divine calling and regeneration are mutually in the closest relationship. With respect to regeneration several points worth considering:
The word "regeneration" is not always used in the same sense. Our Confession uses it in a very broad sense that includes up conversion. At this point in our study has a slightly more restricted meaning. In its strictest meaning denotes the divine act for which the principle of new life, which governs the disposition of the sanctified soul is implanted in man.
In its broadest sense, in addition to the above, it designates the new birth, that is the first manifestation of the new life. It is a fundamental change in the life and government of the soul, therefore affects the whole man, 1 Corinthians 2:14; 2 Corinthians 4: 6; Philippians 2:13; 1. "Peter 1:.. 8, which runs at a time, and not a gradual process, and sanctification Through it we pass from death to life 1 John 3:14 is a secret and inscrutable work of God which it is never perceived directly by man but can be known only by its effects.
God is the author of regeneration. Scripture presents it as the work of the Holy, Spirit l "John 13; Acts 16:14; John. 3: 5-8. Against the Arminians we maintain that is an exclusive work of the Holy Spirit and not in part a work of man. there is no cooperation between man and God in the work of regeneration, as there is in the conversion.
Regeneration, in the strictest sense of the word, is the implementation of new life in the soul, so it is a direct and immediate work of the Holy Spirit. It is a creative work, a miracle of God, which the Gospel can not be used as a tool in this regard.
It is true that James 1: 18 and 1 Peter 1:23 seem to prove that preaching the Gospel is used as an instrument of regeneration, but these passages refer to regeneration in a broader sense, including the new birth and fruits. In this more inclusive sense regeneration it is performed certainly by the instrument of the Word.
Scripture leaves no doubt as to the absolute necessity of regeneration, before affirms in the clearest terms, John 3: 3, 5, 7; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Galatians 6: 15.
This follows from the fact that we are by nature dead in our sins and sins and must be endowed with a new spiritual life to enjoy divine favor and communion with God. The question is sometimes raised is: Which of the two is first, the call or regeneration?
It can be said that in the case of adults the external call precedes or coincides with regeneration in the strictest sense. Regeneration, as implementation of the new life precedes the internal appeal, but the inward call precedes regeneration in its broadest sense, that is in the new birth.
We found this order indicated in the case of conversion of Lydia Acts 16: 4. "Then a woman named Lydia seller of purple in the city of Thyatira, who worshiped God, heard (external call); the heart of the Lord opened (regeneration in the strict sense); to heed to what Paul said (internal call). "
1. Mark 16: 15-16. "Go into all the world ... that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned."
2. Matthew 22:14. "For many are called but few are chosen."
3. Acts 13:46. "Then Paul and Barnabas using freedom said: To you the truth it was necessary to be spoken the word of God: because you reject it and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life , behold we turn to the Gentiles.
1. Proverbs 1: 24-26, "Because I called and you refused. I extended my hand and there were those who would listen. Before you ignored all my counsel and my reproof "
2. 1 Peter 3: 19-20, "In whom also he went and preached to the spirits in prison: which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing wherein few: that is to say 8 people were saved by water. "
3. See also the words of Matthew 22: -1-8-14; Luke 16-24.
1. Proverbs 1: 24¬26 (see paragraph b)
2. Ezekiel 18: 23-32. Do I want the death of the wicked? says the Lord. You did not live if from his ways?"They do not want the death of anyone, says the Lord GOD : wherefore turn yourselves , and live;
3. Matthew 23:37, Jerusalem! Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone: those who are sent to you.How often I wanted to gather your children together , as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings and ye would "
1. Jeremiah 13:23. Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? So may ye also do good who are accustomed to do evil?
2 John . 3: 3, 7, "Jesus answered and said unto him," Verily I say to you, the qua born again, he can not see the kingdom of God. " "Do not marvel that I said you must be born again."
1. James 1:18. "The will has his begetting us by the word of truth, that we might be some beginning of his creatures."
2. 1st Peter 1:23. "Having been born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God which lives and abides forever."
1. Is called the work of a person of the Trinity, or all three? 1. Corinthians 1: 9; 1 Thess. 2: 12; Mat. 11:28;Luke 5:32; Mat. 10:20 and Acts 5: 31, 32.
2. Does the word regeneration is used in the Bible?
3. Titus 3: 5. What other terms are used to express this idea? John 3: 5, 7, 8; Corinthians 5: 17; Ephesians 2: 5; Colossians 2:13; James 1:18 and 1 Peter 1:23.
4. Does the text Titus 3: 5, proves that we are regenerated by baptism? If not so, how would you explain it ?